Citroën Xantia

since 1993 release

Repair and operation of the car



Citroën Xantia
+ Introduction
+ Operation manual
+ Routine maintenance
+ Repair of the engine
+ Cooling systems, heating
+ Power supply system and release
- Engine electric equipment
   - Systems of start and charge
      Diagnostics of malfunctions of electric equipment
      Check of a state and battery charging
      Removal and installation of the rechargeable battery
      Check of serviceability of functioning of system of a charge
      Removal, installation and adjustment of a tension of a belt of the drive of the generator
      Removal and installation of the generator
      Dismantling and assembly of the generator, check of a condition of internal components
      Check of serviceability of functioning of components of system of start
      Removal and installation of a starter
      Check of serviceability of functioning and repair of a starter
      Removal and installation of the switch of ignition
      Removal and installation of the sensor switch of a control lamp of pressure of oil
      Removal and installation of the sensor of level of motive oil
      Removal and installation of the sensor of temperature of motive oil
   + System of ignition - petrol models
   + System of preheat - diesel models
+ Coupling
+ Transmission
+ Power shafts
+ Uniform hydraulic system
+ Brake system
+ Running gear and steering
+ Body and finishing of salon
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ Schemes of electric equipment


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Check of serviceability of functioning of components of system of start

The refusal of a starter at turn of the ignition key in the relevant provision can be connected with any of the listed below reasons:
   a) The battery is faulty;
   b) Quality of electric connection between the ignition switch, the traction relay of a starter, the battery and an electric motor of a starter is broken;
   c) The traction relay is faulty;
   d) Mechanical or electric damage of an electric motor of a starter takes place.

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. For check of the battery include head headlights. If several seconds later brightness of a luminescence of headlights goes down, therefore, the battery is discharged and demands recharge or replacement (see Check of a state and battery charging). If brightness of a luminescence of headlights does not change, turn the ignition key. If now brightness of a luminescence falls, so current reaches an electric motor and the starter is faulty actually. If brightness of headlights still remains invariable and at the same time the click of operation of the traction relay is not heard, therefore, malfunction actually of the relay or its electric contour takes place (see below). If the starter rotates too slowly, and the level of a charge of the battery is normal, then or malfunction actually of a starter takes place, or resistance on any site of a chain is excessively increased.
2. In the presence of suspicions on malfunction of an electric chain, disconnect from the battery all wires (including the grounding tire on a body). Also disconnect an electrical wiring from a starter / the traction relay and the tire of grounding of the power unit. Carefully smooth out contact plugs, then restore initial connection of wires and by means of the voltmeter or a lamp sampler make sure available full tension on the plug of connection of a positive wire of the battery to the traction relay. Make sure of serviceability of grounding. In order to avoid development of corrosion grease terminal connections of poles of the battery with acid-free vaseline. Remember that corrosion is the most frequent cause of infringement of quality of electric connections.
3. If the condition of the battery and all electric connections is found by serviceable, check a condition of a contour. Disconnect a wire from the knife plug of the traction relay of a starter. Connect the voltmeter between the end of a wire and well grounded point (for example, the negative plug of the battery) and make sure available food of a chain at the ignition key turned in situation START. If food moves regularly, therefore, a chain as it should be. In the absence of tension check a condition of a chain (address the Head Onboard electric equipment).
4. Check of contact connections of the traction relay can be made by connection of the voltmeter or a lamp sampler between the food plug with the relay and the weight turned to a starter of the party. At the ignition key turned in situation START tension has to take place. Otherwise the traction relay is subject to replacement.
5. If the condition of an electric chain and the traction relay is found serviceable, the cause of failure can be covered in failure of an electric motor of a starter and further check lies outside qualification of the average amateur mechanic. Before asking for the help experts carry out small marketing, having compared the prices of accessories to the cost of the new or restored block.


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