Citroën Xantia

since 1993 release

Repair and operation of the car



Citroën Xantia
+ Introduction
- Operation manual
   Car equipment, arrangement of devices and governing bodies
   Methods of operation
   Comfort
   Recommendations about operation of the car
+ Routine maintenance
+ Repair of the engine
+ Cooling systems, heating
+ Power supply system and release
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Coupling
+ Transmission
+ Power shafts
+ Uniform hydraulic system
+ Brake system
+ Running gear and steering
+ Body and finishing of salon
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ Schemes of electric equipment


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Operation manual

Specifications

Fuel consumption

City cycle / Outside the city / CO 2 Mixed cycle / Issue

The Hatchback models (values for the Station wagon models are given in brackets)

Engine

l / 100 km

1.6 i

11.7 / 6.6 / 8.5 / 204

1.8 i

1.8 (11.9) / 6.4 (6.5) / 8.4 (8.5) / 205(207)

1.8 i, 16 клап.

12.2 (12.4) / 6.7 (7.0) / 8.7 (9.0) / 209(214)

2.0 i

14.3 (14.6) / 7.2 (7.6) / 9.8 (10.3) / 235(244)

2.0 i, 16 клап.

12.9 (13.2) / 6.9 (7.2) / 9.1 (9.4) / 219(233)

Turbo of ST

13.9 (14.2) / 7.6 (7.7) / 9.9 (10.1) / 237(241)

V6/24S

15.9 / 8.0 / 10.9 / 260

1.9SD

9.1 (9.3) / 5.6 (5.8) / 6.9 (7.1) / 179(185)

Turbo of D

9.3 (9.4) / 5.5 (5.6) / 6.9 (7.0) / 181(183)

2.1 Turbo of D

9.4 (9.5) / 5.5 (5.7) / 7.0 (7.1) / 183(184)

Maximum speed

Engine

km/h

Hatchback

• Petrol models

 

      - Engine of 1.6 l

176

      - Engine of 1.8 l

180

      - Engine of 1.8 l, 16-klap.

194

      - Engine of 2.0 l

194

      - Engine of 2.0 l 16-klap.

201

      - Engine of a turbo of ST

213

      - V6 24 S engine

230 (225 at AT)

• Diesel models

      - Engine of 1.9 l of SD

165

      - The engine from 1.9 l a turbo-supercharging

177

      - The engine of 2.1 l, with a turbo-supercharging

190

Versatile person

 

• Petrol models

 

      - Engine of 1.8 l

177

      - Engine of 1.8 l 16-klap.

189

      - Engine of 2.0 l

193

      - Engine of 2.0 l 16-klap.

198

      - Engine of a turbo of ST

205

• Diesel models

 

      - The engine of 1.9 l with a turbo-supercharging

172

      - Enterprise turbo engine

172

      - Engine 1.9 SD

160

      - Engine of 2.1 l of the Turbo

180

General information

The general instructions for use by the car equipment are provided in the present section. More detailed information, separately on each of knots contains in the following sections of this Chapter.

Access Protection

Keys - Remote control

The remote control allows to make remote unlocking / locking of doors/cover of the luggage compartment. The panel represents a short-wave radiator with the wide directional pattern and when using not necessarily has to go strictly to the receiver located in the car.

In case of the category of batteries or failure of the panel door locks can be unlocked/are locked by means of a key.

Codes and number of keys

Carefully write down numbers of keys, the control panel, and also a code of the radio tape recorder and you store them in the reliable place (separately from documents on the vehicle).

The ignition key with system of the pulse repeater

You store the special map containing number of your confidential code in the reliable place. In case of loss of Citroyon can make to you new keys by means of these numbers.

Equipment of seats

Position of the driver

The possibility of adjustment of a set of ergonomic parameters of a seat and steering column allowing to adapt as much as possible it to a structure of a body of the driver is provided in the car. The following parameters are subject to adjustment:
   a) Adjustment of height and provision of a seat, inclination of a back, height and inclination of a head restraint;
   b) Adjustment of a wheel on height;
   c) Adjustment of seat belts on height.

Seat belts

Requirements of traffic regulations concerning use of seat belts cannot be carried to number of purely nominal at all. At emergency collisions and sharp braking of the vehicle belts considerably reduce risk of receiving by the driver and passengers of the car of severe injuries and mutilations.

Seat belts of front seats of the car are equipped with inertial returnable devices, and on some models also special emergency natyazhitel on pyros.

Depending on the version, back seats are equipped with two or three seat belts of inertial type.

You do not make adjustment of provision of seats during the movement.

Additional resources of safety

Natyazhiteli of a belt

Natyazhiteli is served in order that pull back a seat belt and it is better to press a body to a back of a front seat. By means of this adaptation efficiency of seat belts considerably increases.

Belt locks

Locks strongly clamp a belt. Thus, when blocking forward seat belts, they are extended at very small length, limiting to that inertial advance of the driver/passenger at collision.

Seat belts with restriction of effort

If the car is equipped with frontal safety cushions, the system of locks of belts is replaced with the system of restriction of effort allowing to increase protection at head-on collision, limiting impact of a seat belt on the passenger's body.

Safety cushion

Depending on the version, the car can be equipped, frontal and side safety cushions. All pillows are intended for repayment of the impulse acquired by a body of the driver / the forward passenger at front/side blow of the vehicle. Filling of pillows happens for fractions of a second and allows to minimize risk of getting injured of the head and thorax.

Remember that existence in the car of safety cushions is not a reason for refusal of use of seat belts.

Children in the car

Precautionary measures

The design of a seat and seat belt has to correspond to age and growth of the passenger who is settling down in it.

Do not try to correct seat parameters at the expense of a podkladyvaniye of the additional cushions intended for house use at all.

You do not hold the child on hands.

Electropackage

You watch the children who are in interior of the car at control of the electric drive of window regulators / the top hatch.

Do not allow children plaid about with control units (the drive of window regulators, the hatch, the emergency brake, etc.). Do not leave children in interior of the car unguarded.

Do not leave keys in the car, - children can be closed by means of clamps of the door lock.

Road

Many children quickly get tired on the way and begin to be nervous.

During the distant travel regularly arrange small rest, away from the road where children could relax.

Never establish a children's seat on the place of the forward passenger if the car is equipped with the passenger airbag.

The Citroyon network can offer you as an accessory the sun the protective blinds adapted to your car. These blinds allow to protect salon from hit of direct sunshine effectively.

Loading of the car

Observance of the listed below rules will allow to keep at the high level controllability of the car on the road:
   a) Do not exceed the maximum resolved car gross weight;
   b) Conform the speed of the movement and a manner of driving with extent of loading of the car;
   c) Always fix heavy objects in the luggage compartment. If large-size freight does not get into the luggage compartment and it should be transported in salon, try to fix it by seat belts of a back seat reliably;
   d) Do not use the back shelf for transportation of firm and heavy objects which are potentially dangerous and are capable to injure drivers/passengers, having broken from the place at sharp braking of the vehicle. The back shelf is intended for storage on it easy automobile, on it it is possible to put books in soft covers, and also articles of clothing;
   e) Do not forget to correct the provision of block headlights according to extent of loading of the vehicle.

Verification of road characteristics of the car

Lighting and review

Before departure in a trip surely check:
   a) Serviceability of functioning and correctness of adjustment of lighting and alarm fixtures. In case of need replace the failed lamps;
   b) Purity of glasses and rear-view mirrors;
   c) Correctness of adjustment of rear-view mirrors.

Control lamps (depending on model and the equipment)

At turn of the ignition key in situation M, on an instrument guard of the car have to light up defined a control lamp (see Methods of operation).

If any of lamps do not work, it testifies to malfunctions in certain systems of the car — consult with specialists of car service.

Tires

Pressure in tires has to correspond to recommendations of the producer.

Before departure in a trip check pressure of a rating of tires, without forgetting a spare wheel. Insufficient pressure can provoke a rupture of the tire. Check of pressure of a rating of tires has to be made on cold wheels.

You watch a condition of protectors. Special indicators of wear allow to define in due time the approach moment to border of safe use of tires.

Running in period

Implementation of the recommendations given below on the first 1500 km of a run, will allow to achieve the maximum extent of return from the new car with preservation of its commodity qualities:
   a) Start smoothly, move without breakthroughs, with a moderate speed, trying to hold engine turns within 2/3 admissible ranges (if the car is equipped with a tachometer);
   b) Avoid sharp braking;
   c) Try not to move long on one transfer;
   d) On the first 1000 km of a run avoid towage of other vehicles and do not use the trailer.

After passing of 1000 km (the petrol engine) or 1500 km (the diesel engine) of a run begin to raise turns to the maximum mode gradually.

Usually only after the first 3000 km (gasoline) or 5000 km (diesel) the engine comes to the optimum mode of functioning with maximum efficiency of return.

In the period of a running in regularly check the level of motive oil since its consumption at this operational phase of the car can be rather big.

In the range between 1500 and 2500 km of a run it is necessary to perform planned technical inspection at car repair shop of the Citroyon company.

Replacement of motive oil, is carried out earlier, and during this visit, is not necessary.

Start and stop of the engine

Petrol engine

The control unit of system of injection of fuel carries out adjustment of all parameters, necessary for start, both at cold, and at the hot engine. Told means that need for squeezing during implementation of start of the accelerator pedal is absent.

Diesel engine

Wait several seconds until the control lamp of preheat goes out, only after it begin to make start of the engine a starter.

Instead of warming up the engine on the raised turns, choose moderate rate of driving on the first kilometers of the movement.

Before suppressing the engine, dump its turns. The last in a special measure belongs to the models equipped with system of a turbo-supercharging as violation of this condition is accompanied by risk of premature failure of a turbocompressor.

Inclusion of any of control lamps at the working engine testifies to a malfunction in the corresponding system (see the car Equipment, an arrangement of devices and governing bodies). Address for consultation on car repair shop.

Power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases

Catalytic converter

The catalytic converter, reducing the level of contents the fulfilled gases of the engine of toxic components can enter into structure of system of production of the fulfilled gases of the cars equipped with both the petrol, and diesel engine.

For gas station of the models equipped with the catalytic converter petrol use only unleaded gasoline as presence at fuel even of insignificant amount of lead can provoke destruction of the oxygen sensor (l-probe) and a working element of the converter.

The catalytic converter begins to function only after a warming up up to the certain temperature. Try not to allow contact of the case of the converter with easily flammable materials (for example, a dry grass).

Fuel supply trim (see the section of the Recommendation about operation of the car).

Petrol models of the Citroyon Xantia cars are equipped with the device cutting supply of fuel in the carburetor at strong blow.

The fulfilled gases

The toxic monoxide of carbon (SO) which is not subject to bystry identification in view of lack of color and a smell is a part of the fulfilled gases extremely.

Inhalation WITH can cause loss of consciousness and even death.

Do not leave the car with the working engine in the closed or badly aired room at all!

Driving

Brake system

The brake system is a basic element of your safety. Braking of the car is provided with four disk brake mechanisms (on one on each of wheels) and the hydraulic system consisting of two independent brake contours (forward and back).

The hydraulic booster allows to reduce necessary effort of squeezing of a pedal of a foot brake at the working engine.

If the engine is killed, strengthening of brakes does not work and the effort when pressing a pedal considerably increases. Accept all necessary precautions if you need to move the car.

Movement on a damp paving

The movement on a wet paving is followed by the bystry moistening of brake disks and blocks involving a certain decrease in efficiency of braking. From time to time slightly brake that heat generated at friction dried working surfaces of components of brake mechanisms. The same should be made after a wash of the car.

System of anti-blocking of brakes (ABS)

ABS (see Methods of operation). ozvolyat to keep control over driving, during braking practically of any intensity due to prevention of blocking of wheels.

The parking brake (see Methods of operation)

Before leaving the car, make sure that the parking brake is cocked that guarantees a car immovability even at the parking it on an inclined surface.

At the parking on steep slopes it is recommended to turn on the first/reverse gear and to develop wheels to a sidewalk border (or from it if the car is parked by a back down).

Care of brakes

Brake shoes. Service life of brake shoes directly depends on car service conditions (a city cycle, the movement on the serpentine or in the hilly area, etc.) and driving manners.

Before wear-out of brake shoes on the control panel the corresponding control lamp lights up. Replacement of brake shoes it is the most correct in the conditions of a workshop of car service.

Brake fluid (see Recommendations about operation of the car). Replacement of brake fluid should be made regularly according to the schedule of routine maintenance of the car (address the Head Routine maintenance).

Excessively long use of brake fluid can entail loss of efficiency of braking.

Remember that strictness of observance of the schedule of routine maintenance is the key to reliability of all knots and systems of the car including the brake system.

The movement in a rain and the lowered visibility

The probability of pro-slipping and drift of the car at the movement in the conditions of the increased humidity is defined by intensity of a rain and degree of wear of protectors.

Try to maintain the reasonable speed of the movement, in case of need do stops, waiting a thunder-storm and squalls in the safe place.

Observe a distance in relation to other cars.

During fog you correlate the speed of the movement of the car to real visibility. At the corresponding complete set surely include the fog lights and back fog lamps doing your car is more noticeable for the following behind drivers.

Back fog lamps have high intensity of a luminescence, switch off them at once as soon as in them need disappears not to blind other drivers!

The orange control lamp on an instrument guard of the panel reminds the driver of functioning of back fog lamps.

The movement in winter season

Start of the engine in hard frosts

Viscosity motive transmission oils at strong decrease in air temperature considerably increases. To facilitate start of the engine, turn it a starter at the squeezed-out coupling pedal.

Ice

Depending on local weather conditions frosting of a paving can begin already with +3 °C.

If to postpone a trip, despite ice, it is not possible, it is necessary to double attentiveness and care when driving.

The weakened coupling of protectors with the road to time of the movement on snow considerably reduces controllability the car and efficiency of braking of the vehicle.

At the movement under a bias try to carry out braking by the engine (include the 2nd or even the 1st transfer). When using of brakes, try to squeeze out a pedal as it is possible more smoothly.

The Citroyon company brings to attention of owners of cars a wide choice of winter tires and chains of antisliding who will allow to drive the car with high degree of safety in the most severe road conditions.

After driving on snow or on the roads strewed by structure against frosting carefully you clean and wash the car, especially lower part of a body.

Special conditions

Movement along roads with a gravel covering

Observe a safe distance to the vehicles moving ahead. To all other, it will allow you to avoid damages of a body and windshield at blows on them of the stones which are taking off from under wheels ahead of the going cars.

If, despite all taken measures, it is not possible to avoid damage of a body, the Citroyon company can bring to attention of owners of cars the special pencil corresponding to color of the concrete car and allowing to retouch scratch.

The movement on off road terrain and during floods

The movement on off road terrain is always connected with risk of damage of tires, rims of panels of the bottom and thresholds, besides, the probability of violation of adjustment of a suspension bracket of driving wheels of the car is high.

At the movement by wading or on the flooded road water can get into the engine and cause its damage.

If the flood found you on the way and water reaches thresholds, without deliberating, leave the car and take refuge in the safe place.

Towage of the trailer and emergency vehicles

We remind that you can call at any time the Ambulance of the Citroyon company, towage during a warranty period of service is made free of charge.

Transportation of freight on a car roof

The maximum allowable weight of the freight transported on the top luggage carrier should not exceed 75 kg.

Road incidents

If in way lights up any of control lamps, stop the car and switch off ignition.

Study the Operation manual on the vehicle (this Chapter) that the nobility how to behave.

If there is a need to glance in a motive compartment, remember that the fan of the cooling system can continue to work still some time after an engine stop, reacting to stagnant thermal zones.

Take precautionary measures not to burn, especially when checking level of cooling liquid (see Recommendations about operation of the car).

In case of a puncture of the tire turn on the alarm system, land passengers, arrange them in the safe place, far from the road, only after it start replacement of a wheel.

Do not perform any works under the car withheld in the lifted state by means of only one jack.

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